Gerd Agreement

The agreement to resume talks was reached at an African Union (AU) meeting chaired by South African President Cyril Ramaphosa. At a virtual meeting of the foreign ministers of Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan, the Sudanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs made a statement reaffirming that it is complying as the only way to reach a satisfactory agreement. In a telephone conversation with Sudanese Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdouk, Trump called on all parties to reach an out-of-court settlement in the GERD dispute. There are still concrete technical and legal aspects, said Sudanese Irrigation Minister Yasser Abbas, for example. B to what extent the agreed agreement would be binding, what mechanism will be used to resolve disputes over the agreement and how the agreement binds to other agreements on Nile water issues. Cooperation is not a zero-sum game. It is the key to a successful joint effort to reduce poverty and increase growth, the potential for development in the region. We strongly hope that Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan will continue their efforts towards a mutually beneficial agreement on GERD. That is why Egypt originally wanted some sort of guarantee that Ethiopia would ensure that the Aswan Dam had enough water for the years it would take to fill the new dam, but so far the two sides have not developed a final agreement containing such provisions. The Nile has been used since ancient times for domestic use, irrigation and navigation, but large-scale planning and development did not begin until the late 19th century, when British colonizers proposed a basin-wide vision of management5. However, Ethiopia remained independent and did not participate in these efforts.6 When the countries gained independence, Egypt and Sudan claimed the Nile in their 1959 “Agreement on the Full Use of Nile Waters.” Ethiopia and other upstream states are not signatories and do not recognize this agreement7.

The interim agreement, although it leaves many important details indefinable, is important because Ethiopia is only a few months from the beginning to fill the huge reservoir of the dam, during which it could begin to divert water flows from Egypt downstream. The fight for GERD has become one of the most observed water conflicts in the world and, if not resolved quickly, could be a harbinger of what will happen, as climate change and changing rainfall patterns will weigh even more heavily on water-affected countries, with a growing population. In 2018, the three countries formed a National Independent Research Study Group to discuss the occupation and operation of GERD. Since 2019, the United States and the World Bank have supported trilateral ministerial discussions and heads of state. A draft text was discussed, but the three riparian countries were unable to agree on the text presented in February 2020. I welcome the determination of the parties to negotiate an agreement and welcome the efforts of the African Union to facilitate a process to this end.